Trying to keep up with web development trends is hard since it’s such a fast changing field. Hardly a week goes by without the release of a new JS framework,elaborate build tool or testing suite â all of them touted as the one to learn.
Sorting the wheat from the chaff from the genuinely useful is no mean feat,so my aim in this article is to summarise some of the most interesting happenings in web development in the last year,and what trends we expect to see more of in 2019
Looking Back on 2018: SPA,CSS Grid,and Speed Single Page Applications (SPAs) saw a leap in popularity in 2018.
It can provide a much snappier experience to the user and really change the responsiveness of a site. It’s an idea that’s been about for a while but really saw a lot of developer engagement last year.
It’s fair to say that when HTML and CSS were created,they were not designed to handle the modern web. Hence,CSS preprocessors and libraries are everywhere,because they provide a more abstract,convenient interface.
2018 saw the widespread adoption of a native CSS grid,supported by all major browsers; a big deal for headache-free aligning.
Backend Changes Expected in 2019:
So,what are some of the backend/server-side changes we can expect to see in 2019.
Containers are certainly not a new idea,but it’s a thing which is growing so fast that you have to check out. Today,rapid deployment is the name of the game,which means your backend/server has to have,repeatable environment. The goals of this is to make development,testing,and production seamless.
Serverless computing gives you the ability to write and deploy code without ever touching the underlying code. Anyone who has deployed a website after manually setting up servers,load balancers,you will understand how much time configuring infrastructure can take.
Frontend Changes in 2019.
Vue’s remarkable recent success is set to continue. It’s done so well because it implements exactly what developers need,in a very lightweight package.
Is this the death of server-side rendering? In the old days,the standard way to create a website was to render all the files server-side before sending them to the browser,using PHP and ASP.
That doesn’t mean that server-side rendering isn’t used now,far from it; many new applications continue to use it because it fits well with their needs. However,while server-side rendering is conceding ground now,it’s still a good fit for a large number of sites so it is not going anywhere for now.
Progressive Web Apps (PWA).
There are some interesting data on apps vs websites on mobile devices. The data shows mobile sites receive about 12x as many visitors as apps,users spend roughly 20x longer on apps than mobile sites. So what if there was a way to get the user engagement of an app without the friction of using one?
A Progressive Web App,or PWA,is simply a term for a website which fulfills a set of needs and best practices,predominantly for mobile use. PWAs should load reliably and load fast,with easy navigation and identical feel to a native app.
They are designed to be used on the home screen of mobile devices and are capable of operating offline. Google is a big fan of PWAs; Chrome automatically alerting users to add a website to their mobile home screen if it meets the PWA criteria.
2019 is set to be a great year for web developers and users,with exciting changes both at the front-end and back-end.
For more information,please see this really interesting article